Ever wondered why do we have wisdom teeth? Scholars believe that we have them as an evolutionary answer to eating raw meats, vegetables, and roots. These third set of molars are positioned in the very back of our mouths on both upper and lower jaws. These usually appear between the ages of 17 and 21. As we get older, bones in the mouth become hard, making them difficult to remove. They are not always functional and can crowd the mouth, which may escalate problems. Nowadays, however, wisdom teeth are unnecessary for survival. They often cause a myriad of problems that result in almost all adults getting their wisdom teeth removed. However, they are many benefits of getting wisdom teeth removed. Some dentists are removing them to prevent future problems even if the patient is not experiencing any symptoms. There are some factors you should think about having wisdom teeth removed.
1. Incorrect Growth
There are cases when wisdom teeth grow up taking too much space in the mouth. These teeth cannot be rectified with braces. You may feel pain when you are eating, brushing, or even throughout the day. This may result in jaw pain, headaches, and tooth pain. The only option a dentist would suggest would be wisdom teeth removal as no procedure can be done to make the teeth all fit together. A dentist may determine which teeth may need to be removed or extract all of them.
2. Pain and Irritation
Wisdom teeth can cause aches and pains as often grow in an incorrect or crooked position. If you are experiencing pain or discomfort, get an X-ray scan under your dentist’s advice. Your dentist cannot decide that extraction is the best solution, but if the pain is consistent, then it’s a good idea to talk to your dentist about wisdom teeth removal. After some time, pain may correct itself, and no extraction will be required.
3. Difficulty Eating
You might be experiencing pain while eating or chewing something. This might be a reason for your wisdom teeth to be removed. Food particles could get stuck in between the gums and could cause a lot of problems if it doesn’t get back from the mouth and clean well enough while brushing. These are partially impacted teeth, meaning grown in a bit but not completely and therefore can trap food particles giving bad breath and cavities. If it cannot be resolved, removal might be the only choice.
4. Sinus Issues
It might seem unrelated to your wisdom teeth, but they can be very much connected. The upper wisdom teeth sometimes grow upwards; they can push and rub against the sinuses. This upward growth increases pressure on sinuses, which cause sinus pain, headaches, and general sinus issues. Because of proximity between the upper jaw teeth and sinus passages, if upper wisdom teeth are infected, then that infection can easily spread to your sinuses. Removal of some or all wisdom teeth might reduce sinus problems.
Wisdom teeth position can have a huge impact on the cleaning area where bacteria can hide. If gums become irritated, then packets could develop between the teeth and cause bacteria to grow. This initiates the development of cavities leading to infection. Gum diseases around wisdom area is another red flag you should look out for. Your dentist will be able to diagnose and determine whether wisdom surgery is required or not.
6. Inflamed Gums
When wisdom teeth start sprouting out, it creates a flap of gum tissue that resides next to the tooth. This tissue can trap small particles of food and bacteria, and as a result, tissue around the teeth become hard and inflamed, making it hard to clean. It can also occur underneath your gums.
7. Mouth Cysts
These sacs are filled with fluid that can appear on the lip, inner cheek, and gums. These sometimes accumulate around the area of the wisdom teeth, and eventually, they can damage your teeth, gum tissue and even surrounding bone if not diagnosed properly. If you have experienced them in your mouth or noticed them around your wisdom teeth, then you need to consult your dentist and ask whether wisdom extraction is good or not.
Some people live chose to live with their wisdom teeth for their entire life. If they are not troubling you then you should not worry about having them removed. If you want to remove them, then you might have to have them removed two at a time, or you might have to get them removed all at the same time. Whatever may be the condition that your teeth are in, you should visit your dentist regularly to prevent painful occurrences later on. Make sure you maintain a healthy dental routine along with a healthy diet which will ensure a healthy mouth. Make sure you follow the directions of your dentist seriously.
Dr. Anu Isaac, DMD, runs a dental practice in Salem, MA. As the founder of Coral Dental Care, she is dedicated to creating healthy, beautiful smiles for her patients and also to educating the dental and non-dental community with her informative articles on all things related to oral health, recent dental innovations, and most effective treatment modalities.