A sensation of feeling off-balance most of the time indicates dizziness. When a person feels dizzy, the world seems to spin around you. The stroke of dizziness lasts for a few seconds to minutes which can sometimes lead to fainting.
Dizziness is a common issue, and it’s not necessary that the underlying cause is always serious. If a person suffers from dizziness once in a while, then there is nothing to worry about. Repeated dizziness needs immediate attention to identify the underlying cause. Consulting a Neuro specialist is recommended if a person faces prolonged dizziness and vertigo symptoms.
Vertigo and dizziness are closely related to each other. A particular form of dizziness where the world seems to spin around you or you are spinning yourself is referred to as vertigo. There are various causes of dizziness that can make a person feel dizzy all the time.
Let’s have a look at some major dizziness vertigo causes and dizziness treatments for recovering the underlying condition.
1. BPPV Vertigo can lead to dizziness
BPPV (benign paroxysmal positional vertigo) is a common type of vertigo that leads to dizziness. The calcium depositions in the inner ear block the signals to the brain that are sent through the vestibular system, thereby making a person lose balance. It indicates a person is having an issue in the inner ear.
BPPV is generally caused by head or ear injury, ear infection, or surgery. Doctors will prescribe certain antibiotics to treat the symptoms of BPPV if it is caused by inflammation. If the BVVP symptom keeps on recurring surgery is recommended by doctors. A doctor may prescribe certain dizziness treatments which are to be practiced at home daily. Maneuvers like Epley, Canalith repositioning, Sermons Maneuvres are recommended by doctors to reposition the calcium deposition. They can be performed at home under expert guidance and diagnosis of an underlying cause.
2. Meniere’s disease can cause dizziness
Meniere’s disease can result in repeated episodes of vertigo and dizziness. It can result in loss of hearing ability, ear fullness and tinnitus (ringing sensation in the ear). The dizziness can last for 20 minutes to several hours if a person is suffering from Meniere’s disease.
Consulting a doctor is recommended to relieve the symptoms. As soon as it is diagnosed, patients are asked to go on a low salt and no caffeine diet. Medicines like Betahistine are prescribed by doctors to control the symptoms of the disease.
Undergoing a Vestibular Rehabilitation Therapy is recommended to the patient if medications do not solve the purpose of resolving disequilibrium issues.
3. Vestibular neuritis
Vestibular neuritis is an infection or inflammation in the inner ear. It disrupts the nerves in the inner ear that sends the sensory signal to the brain, thereby resulting in vertigo. A simple cold and flu can trigger Vestibular neuritis. A patient must undergo a videonystagmoscopy (VNG) examination to diagnose Vestibular neuritis. Some prescribed balance exercises are to be done to adjust the brain to new circumstances. Doctors recommend undergoing vestibular rehabilitation treatment to treat the underlying cause once the acute symptoms demolish.
4. Vestibular Migraine
Migraine is a common problem that affects most of the population. It is even a common cause of dizziness. But you must be thinking of what is Vestibular Migraine? It is a form of migraine which affects the vestibular nerve, which further leads to anxiety. Patients suffer from severe headaches after or before they face the strokes of dizziness. Consult a doctor as soon as you start observing the symptoms like nausea, vomiting, or recurring episodes of vertigo and dizziness. To control the symptoms of Vestibular Migraine doctors recommended changing some lifestyle and dietary habits along with prescribed medication for controlling the symptoms.
Sometimes dizziness resolves itself over time, while some symptoms resolve by practicing certain dizziness remedies at home and some need immediate medical help. If a patient is suffering from repeated episodes of vertigo and dizziness seeking an expert neurologist for best treatment is recommended.