Human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) and Acquired Immune Deficiency Syndrome (AIDS) once considered an untreatable virus disorder is not a disorder anymore, the reason being the awareness as well as medical advancement in the field.
HIV is not a disease but a virus- A virus that attacks the body’s immune system, damaging the carrier’s ability to fight off infections. It can be passed from person to person through contact with infected bodily fluids like blood, semen, and vaginal fluids.
One cannot rely on the symptoms to be sure for HIV. The only way is to get tested. You might have heard that there is no cure for HIV, but there is a high possibility to lead a healthy life even after acquiring the HIV virus. Proper tests & medication can control it. People infected with the HIV virus can live healthy lives with a proper diagnosis of stage & medication. Early diagnosis and appropriate treatment can help slow the progression of the virus leading to improved quality of life.
In this article, we are listing down the HIV patient symptoms with the effective treatment options to combat this virus.
These are the Most Common HIV Symptoms in Men
It is to be noted that individual symptoms of HIV vary from one person to another. Generally, it can take 10 years or more for HIV to show any symptoms. So, it’s important to get tested for HIV regularly, especially if one had unprotected sex or think they are infected. Persons having an active sex life should keep a track on the following primary symptoms of HIV (most common in men):
Symptom 1: Frequent High to mild fever
Fever is the first symptom of HIV, which is often accompanied by other mild symptoms like cold & cough, fatigue, swollen lymph glands, etc. High replication of the HIV virus in the bloodstream makes the immune system weak & the patient starts getting an inflammatory reaction in the form of high fever.
Symptom 2: Fatigue, headache & other Neurological Issues
The inflammatory response by the immune system makes the HIV infected person feel tired and lethargic. One starts getting symptoms like shortness of breath, fatigue & continuous headaches. The advanced stage of HIV or HIV symptoms in men after one year include other neurological disorders like memory loss etc.
Symptom 3: Skin rash, bruising
One starts getting skin rashes & bruising at the initial/later stages of HIV. In some cases, the rashes may turn into boils with itchy, pink breakouts.
Symptom 4: Swollen lymph nodes, achy muscles, and joint pain
Lymph nodes considered the immune system of the body to start getting inflamed due to HIV viruses invading the bloodstream. As a result, the lymph nodes located in the armpit, groin, and neck start hurting.
Symptom 5: Sore throat, Flu, and dry cough
A severe, dry cough that lasts for weeks to months is a typical symptom of HIV patients. One will start getting flu-like symptoms like sore throat & cold, which tends not to resolve even with antibiotics.
Symptom 6: Nausea, vomiting, and diarrhea
An HIV infected person also experience digestive system problems such as diarrhoea as a symptom of the early stages of HIV. However, nausea, vomiting, and diarrhea can also appear in the later stages of infection.
Symptom 7: Night sweats
Most of the HIV infected persons will get night sweats as a symptom of HIV in men. Night sweats can be even more common later in infection & do not relate to the high temperature.
Getting Tested for HIV
The only way to combat this virus is- getting tested & follow a proper medication if found positive. Luckily, medical advancements have come a long way. HIV is no longer the death sentence it was once thought to be. In fact, there are several known ways to help prevent the transmission of HIV. A prompt diagnosis, routine tests, and early treatment can slow the progression of the disease and significantly improve the quality of life of the patient.
A recent study found that people with HIV might have a near-normal life expectancy, as long as they begin treatment before their immune systems are too severely damaged. One should consider getting a routine HIV test from their healthcare provider.
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