Diseases & Prevention Healthcare

How Cancer Tumors Are Removed and Treated

How Cancer Tumors Are Removed and Treated
Written by Collins Nwokolo

When an individual is diagnosed with Cancer, they may only have a limited amount of options for treatment as currently there is no cure for Cancer. Surgery is one option, along with different classes of radiation and chemotherapy.

There are certain treatments that use different types of medications, specialized formulas that targets BCMA.  B-Cell Maturation Antigen (BCMA) is targeted for Multiple Myeloma.

 

Multiple Myeloma Explained

Multiple Myeloma is a blood Cancer which is rare and affects the white blood cells or plasma cells. The white blood cells are found in the bone marrow of the body.

These plasma cells create abnormal M-proteins or antibodies in the bloodstream. They offer no benefits to the body, and as everyone knows, Cancer is harmful to a body.

When these Cancerous cells develop, they crowd out all the normal white blood cells, which can be detected in a number of symptoms and signs.

 

Symptoms and Signs of Multiple Myeloma

Although the symptoms are different in each individual, many of the signs are similar from person to person. Unfortunately, there are people who experience no symptoms or signs at all and therefore are typically diagnosed in the late stages.

Here are a few of the different symptoms and signs of Multiple Myeloma:

Ø  Frequent infections
Ø  Weight loss and/or loss of appetite
Ø  Bone issues
Ø  Vomiting and nausea
Ø  Confusion and/or mental fogginess
Ø  Fatigue
Ø Constipation
Ø  Excessive thirst

 

How Cancer Tumors Are Removed and Treated

Surgical Oncologist

A Cancer surgeon is tasked with removing the affected area or tumor. Typically, this traditional and oldest type of Cancer treatment is to remove the tumor and the tissue surrounding the mass. This helps to ensure the Cancer will not grow back from the nearby tissue.
In the beginning, the surgeon may just perform a biopsy, which is a way to diagnose the Cancer and what type of Cancer the patient has. This is done under a microscope and by a technician or doctor called a pathologist.

 

Primary Surgery

How Cancer Tumors Are Removed and Treated

The curative or primary surgery is when the tumor is removed from the body. Some of the healthy tissue surrounding the tumor may also be removed when the tumor is taken out. This tissue is labeled the “margin.”

 

Palliation Surgery

This is a surgery used to relieve the side effects that a patient may experience due to the tumor’s existence. It is used in combination with chemotherapy and/or radiation therapies to help improve the quality of life for an individual suffering from Cancer.

Some examples of Palliation surgery include blockage of the intestines or bowels; pressure on the spinal cord; stop bleeding inside the body; and to prevent broken bones, among other issues.

 

Reconstruction Surgery

Some patients may opt to have reconstructive surgery to restore function and the look of the body after the removal of a tumor. This is not always an option, but many can have this type of surgery, which also helps the individual feel more like a human being again.

How Cancer Tumors Are Removed and Treated

Once an individual has a diagnosis of Cancer, it is important to listen to a trusted physician. Then he should find out how cancer tumors are removed and treated. The individual can decide to get a second opinion if you want, but take care of yourself to live a longer, healthier life.

 

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About the author

Collins Nwokolo

Collins Nwokolo is a passionate blogger and an amazing writer. He is a health and fitness enthusiast who loves sharing helpful information to people.

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