Vaping has become very popular since the last decade. Vapes were made to replace traditional cigarettes and have somewhat replaced them. They are now widely used by many individuals, especially young people. However, what are vapes? What are the health risks and side effects associated with vaping? And what are some health facts about vaping? This article will help you find out the answers to this questions.
What is Vaping?
Vaping is the act of using electronic cigarettes.
An electronic cigarette or e-cigarette is a simple handheld electronic device the is similar to traditional tobacco smoking. The device works by heating a liquid, called an e-liquid, to generate an aerosol, commonly referred to as a “vapor”, which the user inhales. The e-liquid is usually made up of nicotine,
propylene glycol (PG), glycerine (vegetable glycerin or VG), and different types of flavorings. E-cigarettes create an aerosol, called vapor, which inhaled. Having the basic knowledge about vaping will help you understand the health effects and health facts about vaping.
Health Effects of Vaping
To be honest, the health effects of vaping are still uncertain. They have been numerous conflicting research and various debates regarding the health effects of vaping. Vaping is seen as an alternative to cigarette smoking, and this has led many to assume that vaping is a healthier alternative to smoking. Do you know that E-cigarettes were created as an alternative for adult smokers to eliminate the carcinogenic risks and mortality rates associated with smoking? Well, some basic health facts about vaping will help us to know the pros and cons of vaping. Certain health facts about vaping will also help us to find out the proven health benefits, health risks and effects of vaping.
Health Facts About Vaping
1. Vaping is safer than smoking
Vaping has been said to safer than traditional tobacco cigarette smoking. E-cigarettes contain fewer carcinogens compared to cigarettes. For example, nitrosamine, a potent cancer-causing agent, was found to be 97% lower in concentration among vapers.
Vaping is also said to be less harmful than cigarettes because they contain no tobacco and do not involve combustion. Vapers can avoid several harmful components usually found in tobacco smoke. E-cigarettes are also less expensive and are safer to prevent fire hazards.
Irrespective of all these health facts about vaping stated above, e-cigarettes cannot be as considered entirely harmless.
2. Vaping helps in quitting smoking
Many former smokers have effectively used vaping to quit cigarette smoking. Many smokers switched to vaping because they believed it is healthier than smoking. Former smokers encouraged current smokers to use e-cigarettes as a way to quit smoking.
Even though vaping is not recognized by the FDA as a device to quit smoking, many former smokers have used it to alleviate their addiction.
3. Vaping improves oral health compared to smoking
Using E-cigarettes can be more beneficial to your oral health compared to cigarette smoking. The odor associated with cigarettes will be eliminated and replaced with nicer scents from e-cigarettes.
Mouth odors and tooth stain can also be avoided with vaping.
4. No harmful effects of second-hand vapor
Second-hand smoke from cigarettes is very harmful. However, second-hand vapor has been shown to contain little harmful chemicals. A study was conducted in a small poorly ventilated vaping store, to determine the effects of second-hand vapor, showed minimal concentrations of nicotine, acetone, and other chemicals that are expected to be harmful to others.
Hence, vaping does not expose other people to harmful chemicals that second-hand smoke does.
5. The long-term effects of Vaping are not known
Medical studies on the health and safety of e-cigarettes have reached significantly different conclusions. There has been methodological issues,
conflicts of interest, and inconsistent research, which has led to little or no proven knowledge about the long-term effects of vaping. However, even though no significant conclusions can be determined regarding the safety of e-cigarettes, is not considered harmless. More research on the health effects of inhaling the vapor needs to be done. There is also very little information concerning the safety and considerable variability among vaporizers and in their ingredients.
6. The ingredients contain harmful substances
The ingredients of an e-cigarette may contain harmful chemicals. It is already established that they contain fewer carcinogens compared to tobacco. However, they are other toxic substances that are present in the e-liquid and flavorings. The toxic content of the e-liquids varies. When an e-liquid comes in contact with the metal parts of the e-cigarette, it is contaminated with metals. Carbonyl compounds such as formaldehyde will be produced when nichrome wire, which is responsible for heating, comes in contact with the e-liquid is heated chemically reacts with the liquid.
The aerosol or vapor in the e-cigarette also contains ultrafine particles, tiny amounts of toxicants, carcinogens, metal
nanoparticles. However, the exact constituents of the vapor vary in composition and concentration depending on the manufacturers.
As for the flavorings, it was reported that some artificial flavors are cytotoxic. However, an unflavored vapor is less cytotoxic than flavored vapor. Most flavors contain diacetyl and acetyl propionyl, which are said to safe when ingested but can cause respiratory harm when inhaled.
7. E-cigarettes could cause lung disease
Admittedly, the health risks of vaping to the lungs are not completely understood. We know it is better for the functioning of the lungs and respiratory system compared to traditional tobacco smoking. A review in 2015 found out that e-cigarettes may induce acute lung disease. Another 2015 study discovered that e-cigarette vapors could induce oxidative stress in lung endothelial cells. There has also been some evidence showing that vaping might hurt the body’s immune mechanism.
8. E-cigarettes and cancer
Can e-cigarettes cause cancer? That has been a question many people have seemed an answer to. The carcinogenicity of e-cigarettes arises because of the nicotine and other contents in the vapor. The truth, however, is that there is insufficient information to conclude that nicotine causes or contributes to tumor growth in humans, however, it might increase the risks. The carcinogenic effects of an e-cigarette are minimal when compared to tobacco cigarettes.
9. Effects of E-cigarettes on pregnancy
Nicotine intake is not safe for pregnant women irrespective of the amount. There are adverse effects of nicotine on the prenatal brain development. Hence, an e-cigarette is assumed to be dangerous to the developing baby during pregnancy if they are used by the mother. Nicotine is harmful to the growing fetus.
10. Common side effects of vaping
The last health fact about vaping you will learn are the common side effects of vaping. These side effects of vaping are usually associated with short term use. A 2015 study stated some of the
serious side effects related to e-cigarettes. They were:
Congestive heart failure,
Vaping has become a popular social trend, and if you care about your health, it would be wise to find out the health effects, risks and facts about vaping.