WHAT IS HEMATOMA?
A hematoma is an unusual amount of blood cells outside of the blood vessel. The matter rises up due to damaged blood vessel wall (also can be artery or capillary) thus the blood starts to leak out and stays in the tissues where it is not supposed to belong to. The hematoma might be microscopic or it can be huge and lead to significant swelling and blood loss.
The most popular cause of hematoma is trauma which is associated with car accidents, broken bones and other similar types of injuries. Trauma to tissue can be caused by a vigorous sneeze or an accidental twist of an arm or a leg. When the blood vessel is battered, the blood will be leaked out to the surrounding tissue which consequently form clot. The more blood is leaked out, the larger the clot is.
Those symptoms are common are redness, warmth, pain and tenderness. However, the situation might become worse when confusion, intensive headache or uneven pupils after the trauma, immediate and proper medical care should be seek for.
Retain rest for the first 48 hours after the injury if possible to let the muscle relax and ease. Since those activities requiring muscle movements can irritate and escalate the compress on the injured tissues which lead to an inflammatory response.
Place an ice kit on the injured area right after you spot the wound starts to expand or within 24 – 48 hours after the damage. This is quite helpful and recommended by doctors since the low temperature can diminish the blood flow which consequently reduce bleeding. However, the ice kit should not be applied on the affected area for more than 12 – 15 minutes since it can cause tissue damaged.
After the cold process, the warm process should be adopted to fulfill the healing process in the fast pace. On the contrary to cold process, warm one bring more benefits during the recovery stage since they inflate the blood vessel which subsequently regulate the flow and distribute the nutrients for recovery process. Plus, the temperature should be around 37 – 40 °C.
The elevated perfusion eliminates any provocative exudates as well as debris from the wound. Besides the warmth will reduce the irritation by working as a counter – pain mask that prevent the further pain caused by the damage.
Note: warm press should only be adopted when the cold compress has been done.
This should be done 24 – 48 hours right after the injury:
It can help to reduce the superficial clots which results in making them simpler to dissolve. Do it in round motion or prolonged strokes to enhance the venous return. Repeat the process till notice the improvement.
A warm bath not only helps you to ease the pain and let the body relax but it also forbid a vasodilating outcome. This has the similar effects to a warm pressure which has a great positive impact on cutting down the blood coagulum coming out of the injured part of the body.
This can be extremely useful for extremities. Retaining the affected area on an inflated surface will lower the blood movement to that particular area which subsequently avoiding the higher chance of the hematoma’s ranges. You can use either pillows or folded blankets to maintain the height for the affected area.
Maintain the wound with the height over the position of the heart as much as possible since this can reduce the capillary compress, avoid swelling and aid in lymphatic outflow or even lower the tissue strain. This has a great positive impact on relieving the local pain and eventually speed up the healing process.
Painkiller is the last option when you do not endure any other damage or you are not currently following any anticoagulation medication. Ibuprofen is a common choice among many people. Nonetheless, you are recommended to see doctor to take the best advice.
Jelly Jeff is a senior editor of AuthorityRemedies; that a website which is specialized in providing natural home remedies, tips and also nutrition facts to improve the well-beings. She is a nurse but she keens to explore nutrition and fitness. In addition, she loves writing and doing research. She appreciates to be a good writer in nutrition.