10 Most Common Travel Related Diseases And How To Prevent Them

By Collins Nwokolo Tuesday, 7 February 2017
Many people enjoy traveling. It is always fun and adventurous. Whether we are traveling for business, vacation or any other reason we always want to make our journey and stay enjoyable. As well as remaining healthy throughout.

However there are certain problems that are likely to emerge during a journey, and one of the most common issue are diseases called travel related diseases.

What are travel related diseases? What are common travel related diseases and how can you prevent them? We will discuss these shortly, make sure you learn something beneficial today.


Most common travel related diseases

Travel Related Diseases
Travel related diseases are certain diseases which are most likely to affect travelers because of there travel. This includes diseases that occur both during the journey and in the course to they stay.

By the way there is a branch of medicine called travel medicine or emporiatrics, which deals with the prevention and management of travel related diseases among international travelers.




Most Common Travel Related Diseases And How To Prevent Them.


1. Travelers Diarrhea
This is without doubt the most common travel related disease around. Many travelers that are traveling to developing countries usually have these disease.
It is caused by consuming contaminated food or water. Symptoms include, dehydration bloating, frequent watery stooling and vomiting.
How to prevent traveler's diarrhea -
Use a hand sanitizer to wash your hands at all times.
Drink water from packaged water bottles. Or boil water for drinking and even brushing your teeth.
Wash and properly cook all food item thoroughly.



2. Dengue Fever
Dengue fever is a mosquito borne infection that is common travelers going to India, Southeast Asia, and Africa. It is caused by mosquito bites and symptoms include nose bleeding, fever headache.
How to prevent it -
There is no vaccine available for dengue fever, so prevention is making use of insect repellent, mosquito nets and covering up while sleeping.



3. Typhoid
Typhoid is a common travel related illness that occurs mainly in Indian and South Asia.
It is also caused by eating or drinking contaminated foods or water. It's symptoms include fever, loss of appetite and weakness. It can be prevented mainly by getting a typhoid vaccine before traveling.



4. Measles
Measles is highly contagious diseases characterized by redness and itching of the skin. The disease can be easily spread through contact with mucous or saliva from an infected person.
The major prevention method is to get vaccinated.



5. Tuberculosis
Tuberculosis is a common travel related illness present mainly among travelers in Asia, Sub-Saharan
Africa and South and Central America.
Tuberculosis is also easily contracted through coughing, sneezing and even speaking. It attacks the respiratory system and has symptoms which include, persistent coughing, loss of appetite, coughing out blood , fever, and nighttime sweating.
How to prevent it -
The major prevention tip is to get vaccinated with BCG vaccine.



6. Skin disorders
Skin disorders like sun burn, rashes, skin cracking due to exposure to heat, humidity or insect bites are problems to travelers. Traveling to the tropics in Africa or cold places like Russia can cause skin disorders among travelers due to the weather.
Although they may not be all that serious they can cause great discomfort and ruin your trip.
Prevention is by protecting your skin from harsh weather by following the healthy tips.



7. Air travel Disorders
This are diseases that are associated with air travel and they include, jet lag, ear disorders due to cabin pressure changes and thrombophlebitis , which is blood clots in the legs.
People with certain health risks should avoid air travels:
- Coronary artery bypass
- Myocardial infarction
- Hypertension
- Seizures etc.
To prevent Thrombophlebitis walking and proper hydration is required to avoid this problem, especially after prolonged sitting.



8. Malaria
Malaria is arguably one of the most popular travel related diseases. It is common in Africa, Central and South America and The Carribbeans.
Just like other insects borne diseases, malaria is caused by the female anopheles mosquito, which symptoms start manifesting after about 3 weeks. Symptoms include nausea, weakness, and fever.
It can be prevented by taking an antimalarial drug before embarking on the journey or taking the necessary precautions discussed under dengue fever.



9. Norovirus infection
This disease is popularly known as the vomiting bug in the UK. It is a major cause of viral gastroenteritis and also a common travel related disease.
It is transmitted by contact with foods and water that have the virus present in them. Symptoms include, nausea, vomiting, diarrhea and loss of taste.
How to prevent it -
Hand washing with soap and water can help reduce the transmission of the virus. Also, sanitizers (with alcohol above 60%), are effective and should be used regularly.



10. Influenza
Influenza infection during travel is a common phenomena. Standing in close proximity with infected persons could expose you to such flu.
CDC recommends that everyone 6 months and older get a flu vaccine yearly. Everyone 6 months and older should get a flu vaccine yearly,

Most common travel related diseases


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I haven't written in a while, hope you enjoyed this post. Have a healthy journey!
Nwokolo Collins

Hi, My name is Nwokolo Collins, I am a passionate health enthusiast, I write amazing health articles with sufficient humour.

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