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Infographic: Side Effects Of Sleep Deprivation

By Collins Nwokolo → Saturday, 25 February 2017
Side Effects of sleep deprivation


When’s the last time that you didn’t get enough sleep? Can you remember how you felt the next morning? If you’re like many people, that lack of sleep impacts you on many fronts. You may feel tired physically. Your brain may feel foggy, and your reflexes, including lifesaving ones in situations like driving, less than ideal, too. But on those days after sleeping little, do you feel alone, as if no one else is experiencing what you are? 
Unfortunately you’re not alone. Would you be surprised that over one-third of all Americans rate their sleep pretty badly? It’s true. Although most in health care fields recommend about 8 hours of sleep, in reality most adults get less than that by about 25 minutes. Over a week, that can equal about 3 fewer hours than necessary. Americans try to make that up, of course, by sleeping longer on the weekends or taking naps. We’re waking up feeling sluggish—week after week. Even worse is that for up to 70 million Americans, their sleep issues aren’t occasional disruptions, but full-fledged sleep disorders.

Side Effects of sleep deprivation

That weekly lack of sleep has a recognizable effect on our day-to-day interactions: Nearly half of Americans also say that those nights of tossing and turning make a direct affect on their activities the next day. And that bad sleep has more than short-term consequences—it can actually lower our life expectancy and increase our weight gain.

Plenty of people discount the lack of sleep and believe, incorrectly, that they can simply “train” their bodies to function well on less sleep—but that’s not true. Or they’re using stimulants like those in caffeine to help—maybe with conscious thought that they will combat sleepiness, or maybe not. (Interestingly, though, a good mattress is one way to help improve sleep.)
Of course, one of the main factors affecting our sleep is our reliance on smart devices. We use them right before we go to bed, and we turn them on right when we wake up. And instead of sleeping in our bedrooms, we’re also watching television shows or movies—again, more screens, more stimulus before we’re trying to sleep.


So what can people do in order to remedy that bad sleep and try to get back to a normal routine that improves health? Cutting screens at night is one good step. Establishing a routine and practicing healthy sleep hygiene is another. This graphic offers more advice.
Click to Enlarge Image

The Unnerving Side Effects of Sleep Deprivation

7 Easy Everyday Drinks That Fight Inflammation

By Collins Nwokolo → Tuesday, 21 February 2017
Easy Everyday Drinks That Fight Inflammation

Are  you experiencing high blood pressure, diabetes, oral diseases like gum disease, arthritis, heart disease, asthma, and inflammatory bowel disease? These are but a few of the most common diseases tied to inflammation that affect humans in today’s world.

These diseases have already existed in the past but with only a small proportion of the population being affected. To help fight infection and diseases, you need to have a proper diet. Some foods do in fact contain anti-inflammatory properties.  Some of these can be found in our everyday drinks that help fight inflammation.

One good example of an inflammation-fighting drink can be found in one of the most famous coffee chains in the country, Starbucks. The Green Tea Latte from Starbucks contains green tea as its main ingredient. Green tea has anti-inflammatory effects.  In fact, the Chinese have been using green tea for centuries. Its high amounts of catechin polyphenols act as antioxidants.

If you don’t want to spend some extra bucks, then you can go DIY. Make your own Turmeric Latte. This latte contains turmeric that has curcumin as its main active ingredient. It has powerful anti-inflammatory effects and is also a good source of antioxidants.

If you want to stay healthy and help fight off stress that leads to a number of diseases, incorporate these healthy and anti-inflammatory fighting drinks and ingredients into your lifestyle. We have created a helpful and colorful infographic below that details the everyday drinks that contain anti-inflammatory ingredients that will help keep you healthy.

See the well-organized graphic below and jumpstart your New Year with a healthy drink choice and become a healthier version of yourself.



Author's bio 

Jessica is a marketing and PR specialist who believes in person to person interactions. She thinks smiling is one of the most basic social skills for a human being to have. She currently works in Emergency Dentists USA

How does Celexa help you deal with anxiety?

By Collins Nwokolo → Wednesday, 15 February 2017

How does Celexa help you deal with anxiety?

Celexa (Citalopram) is an antidepressant drug used for treating depression and anxiety. It was approved by the Food and Drug Administration in the year 1998 to treat major depression. This drug is a part of the selective serotonin reuptake inhibitor (SSRI) class of drugs.

Citalopram helps increase the energy levels and improve the feeling of well – being of an individual. This medicine works by bringing back the balance of specific natural substance or chemical (serotonin) in the brain. Serotonin is responsible for regulating the mood, sleep and other functions of a person. Thus people who experience mood or anxiety disorder are said to have imbalanced levels of serotonin and an SSRI drug like Celexa can bring back the serotonin levels by stopping the nerve cells in the brain from absorbing it. In this way Celexa helps in bringing about the change in the mood of the person and reduces the anxiety.

This drug may be also given to patients to treat other mental disorders like obsessive-compulsive disorder and panic disorder. It is also given to women who experience hot flashes during menopause.



Who should avoid taking Celexa:
Celexa should not be taken by an individual if he/she is currently taking pimozide or is being treated with methylene blue injection. Also if the individual has taken MAO inhibitor, then Celexa cannot be taken for the next two weeks. The ingredients of the MAO inhibitor and celexa can create complicated side effects.

Celexa cannot be given to an individual who is allergic to citalopram or escitalopram.

It is noticed that younger people who take any antidepressant drug have suicidal thoughts. Thus it is important for the doctor to keep a check on the progress of the patient in every visit while undergoing treatment with Celexa. Even the family members and friends should be warned to keep track of the symptoms and mood of the person who is being treated.

Celexa should not be given to anyone who is younger than 18 years without doctor’s supervision. And celexa is not to be given to children.


Precautions while taking Celexa:
Before starting to take Celexa it is advisable to inform the doctor about any illness or allergies that the patient is suffering from currently or in the past. The doctor must be given a detailed description of the patient’s medical history which includes personal and family history, especially cases of bipolar/ manic-depressive disorder or any suicidal attempts in the past.

The doctor should be informed of the following situations for the safety and effective treatment of the patient.

• Bleeding or blood clotting illness
• Liver or kidney problem
• Seizures
• Heart failure, irregular heartbeats or heart attack in the past
• Low level of potassium or magnesium or in the blood
• Bipolar disorder
• Suicidal thoughts
• Drug addiction

Antidepressant drugs are not advisable during pregnancy as it can cause lung problems in the baby. But the pregnant women who are taking any anti depressants cannot immediately stop this medication during pregnancy without the supervision of the doctor since it can lead to relapse of depression. Therefore a doctor should be informed if a person gets pregnant while being treated with Celexa. The doctor will give proper guidance on how and when this medication can be stopped without harming the mother and baby. A woman who is breast feeding their child must stop doing so when being treated with Celexa, since citalopram can pass into the breast milk and harm the baby.



Interactions:
Certain drug interactions may cause adverse side effect and change the way how the medication works on the patient taking the dose.  Therefore it is very essential to keep a complete list of prescribed, non prescribed and herbal medications the patient is currently taking. This list must be shared with the doctor and pharmacist. Any of the medicines should not be started, stopped or changed without consulting the doctor. It is important to be very transparent about these things to the doctor while being treated for any illness. Only once the doctor understands the patient will he/ she be in a position to give the correct medication. 

Some of the drugs that can interact with Celexa and should be avoided are those that can cause bleeding or rashes and those that increase serotonin in the body. Also a person cannot take MAO inhibitors two weeks before and after having Celexa. 

The doctor should be informed if the patient is taking any other drugs that cause sleepiness or any drugs for sleep and anxiety. Thus, it is important for a person to check the label of any medicine that he/she takes for any allergy or simple cold/cough since it can have ingredients that cause sleepiness. One can take the advice of a pharmacist before purchasing these medicines.




How should Celexa be taken?
Celexa should be taken as prescribed by the doctor at the given time and in right quantity. It is important to read and follow the instructions mentioned on the prescription label. The doctor at times may change the dosage for complete effectiveness of the drug. The medicine should not be taken in lesser or larger quantity and it should also not be used for a prolonged period than recommended.

If the patient is taking a liquid form of the medicine, then the exact quantity has to be measured using a syringe or a measuring cup/spoon. These measuring devices are easily available at medical stores.

This drug normally takes a month or more to show reduction in the symptoms and improvement from anxiety/ depression. The medication should be continued without breaking the schedule and the doctor should be informed if no improvements are seen for more than a month.

Celexa should not be stopped all of a sudden as this can cause some unpleasant withdrawal symptoms like increased anxiety, irritability, headaches, confusion etc. The doctor should be consulted on how to stop taking this drug without any side effects.

Celexa should be stored in room temperature away from moisture and heat.



Missed Dose:
If a patient misses a dose, then it should be taken immediately when remembered. But if it is already close to the next scheduled dose then skip the missed dose as it can lead to over dosage and this can be very harmful.

Overdose:
If the patient happens to take an overdose, he/ she must immediately seek medical assistance.



What should be avoided while taking Celexa?
One must avoid drinking alcohol while being treated with Celexa as it can cause certain side effects. Celexa may also weaken the thinking and reactions of the person, so avoid any activity that requires one to be alert like driving a car or using a machinery etc.  

The doctor should be consulted if the patient is planning to take any nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drug for treating fever, swelling, pain or arthritis. Since these drugs along with Celexa can easily cause marks on the skin and bleeding.



Side effects of Celexa:
A patient will need to go for an emergency check up if he/she is experiencing any allergy by taking Celexa medicine. The allergy can be in the form of skin rash or itchiness, breathing problem, or inflammation of face, lips, tongue or throat. If the patient observes any new symptoms or worsening of the existing symptoms like behavioral changes, insomnia, restlessness, irritability, violent, hyper active, unfriendly etc., then the doctor should be informed.
The doctor must be contacted immediately in the following cases; 

• Unclear vision and swelling or pain of eyes
• Headaches along with chest pain and lightheadedness or increased heartbeats
• Reaction on the nervous system leading to - rigid muscles, fever, sweating profusely, irregular heartbeats, shivering
• If the serotonin in the body increases leading to  - nausea, vomiting, diarrhea, irritation and hallucinations
• If the sodium levels in the body reduce leading to -  confusion, garbled speech,  headache, tiredness and vomiting

Some of the common side effects include;

• Sleepiness
• Fainting
• Weakness
• Insomnia
• Anxiety
• Blurred Vision
• Nausea
• Loss of appetite
• Diarrhea
• Constipation
• Yawning
• Dryness of mouth
• Blocked nose, sneezing, coughing and sore throat
• Profusely sweating
• Weight gain or loss



How long does it take for Celexa to work?
A person suffering from anxiety or depression will always want to be cured immediately from the symptoms. But unfortunately these medications take time to show improvements. Thus the doctor who is treating the person must initially tell him to be patient during the course of treatment and not expect immediate recovery. In most of the people some improvements are seen within the first week of starting Celexa. But this may not be the case for all, so the person undergoing treatment should be encouraged not to stop the medication mid way but continue taking the medicines in the required dosage. For complete recovery it may take months for the medicine to work.

Dosage of Celexa:
For Adults:
• Initially 20mg dose every day

• The maintenance dose may be ranging from 20 – 40 mg/ day. The dose may be increased to 40 mg depending upon the condition of the patient not more than once a week. The maximum dosage is 40mg.


For Older Adults:
• 20mg per day is the maximum dosage recommended for adults who are more than 60 years

• The dosage may vary from person to person depending upon his/her medical condition. So only after consultation with the doctor should Celexa be taken for treating the illness.


Author Bio:
Matt Bailey is a noted writer, content marketer and Social Strategist at FindaTopDoc. Find a best Local Doctor by Speciality and Insurance.

7 Exercises You Can Do Right In Your Chair

By Collins Nwokolo → Sunday, 12 February 2017
 Exercises You Can Do Right In Your Chair

Many people are too busy with their tasks that they sit long hours in front of their desk without standing up or taking a break. This is not recommended even if you are going regularly to the gym or exercising each day. It’s because there are serious health problems connected with extended sitting the whole day.
You become more prone to heart attack because of this and the risks can be compared to that of smoking. There is a scientific reason behind it and that includes the level of good cholesterol dropping by 20% within only a couple of hours of sitting continuously. Fat reducing enzymes also go down 90% as soon as you sit, while metabolism drops, and leg muscles’ electrical activity stops.
If you have been sitting on your chair for 24 hours straight, you are at high risk of developing diabetes too as your insulin effectiveness goes down by 24%. While you may add more minutes to the gym or take extra steps by taking the stairs rather than the elevator to compensate for your extended hours of sitting, this may not be sufficient. Breaks in between are still necessary.
The good news is that there are exercises that you can do without leaving your desk or work area. This may feel and look a bit awkward at first, but you’ll get used to it in no time. Plus, the fact that this will improve your health is all worth it.
One of the exercises that you can do at your desk is the chair lift. Make sure that the arms of the chair and the chair itself are sturdy as they will carry your weight. To do this, sit straight on the chair and cross your legs. Lift your body up from the chair by pressing your arms on the armchair.
Another exercise to try is the lower body stretch. This can be easily done by stretching your feet in front of you, while seated on your chair. Hold the stretch for a couple of seconds, and then extend up as high as you can, before holding it for another two seconds.
Aside from the bottom stretch, there are also exercises that you can do for your upper body that won’t require you to go out of your chair. One is the shoulder stretch that you can do by stretching your hands up and behind your back, while they are on top of each other. Stretch as far as you can and hold for a few seconds.
There’s also the side stretch where you raise one hand to the ceiling, grab its wrist using the other hand and pulling to the side of the hand grabbing the wrist. Hold the stretch for 10 seconds and repeat on the other side.
These are only some of the simple yet effective way of exercising while working in the office for long hours. We created an infographic that contains more exercises to incorporate in your daily routine at work to improve your health.
See the eye-catching image that we prepared and start trying the exercises while at work for better health.

7 Exercises You Can Do Right In Your Chair!


Author's bio:

 Scott has been blogging and managing websites for several years now. He developed a multitude of strategies and methods to streamline his content production allowing him to do more in much less time and free up his schedule to better enjoy life.

What are the possible side effects of Vicodin drug?

By Collins Nwokolo → Thursday, 9 February 2017
What are the possible side effects of Vicodin drug?


Vicodin is a drug which is a combination of two substances acetaminophen and hydrocodone. Vicodin is a pain killer medication prescribed by doctors. From the two substances hydrocodone is a powerful pain killer which is useful in reliving different levels of pains. Also hydrocodone acts as a cough suppressant. And the other substance acetaminophen is a mild pain killer which is found in many other over the counter painkillers. This Vicodin drug is used as a pain killer for moderate to severe pain.
In the year 2013, hydrocodone was the most sold drug which amounted to 136 million prescriptions. And from this around 136 million Vicodin and Lortab were the most commonly prescribed medication.
Vicodin is a very helpful painkiller if used as per the prescription and for the given time period in right quantity. But if it is over used or without prescription in different ways then it can cause several physical, mental and social complications in a person like addiction, tolerance and dependence on this drug. Vicodin drug has the potential for abuse due to the substances and can cause severe side effects to people using it in different ways. Therefore Vicodin has been shifted to Schedule II controlled substances to put a limit on the prescription and charge penalty for possession and distribution of the substance through illegal options.
Vicodin must be carefully taken only as much as is prescribed as an overdose can damage the liver and it can even lead to death. And this drug cannot be given to a patient who has taken MAO inhibitor in the last two weeks.



What if a person misses a dose?
Vicodin is mostly taken as and when needed as per the prescribed quantity and there may not be a dosing schedule. But if a person is following a dosing schedule and has missed a dose, then the medicine should be taken when remembered. But if the person has already reached close to the next schedule dose then do not take the missed dose as this can lead to overdose.



What if a person takes an overdose?
A person must visit a doctor or hospital if he/she has taken an overdose of the Vicodin. Since excessive intake of acetaminophen and hydrocodone can be very dangerous.
One must seek immediate medical care if they have the following symptoms - nausea, stomach pain, itchiness, drowsiness, fainting, slow heart rate, slow or no breathing,  redness /rashes on skin, loss of appetite, dark urine or stools or even jaundice.



What must be avoided while taking Vicodin drug?
Vicodin when taken can weaken your thinking and reactions. Therefore one must avoid doing any activity that requires lot of attention like driving a car or operating machinery.
The doctor must be informed if the patient is taking any other medication for pain, cold, allergy or sleep. Since some of the drugs which the patient is consuming may also contain acetaminophen in it and this may lead to overdose of this substance in the body. So the doctor will suggest which medications are safe to be taken along with Vicodin to avoid any overdose and side effects. It is always advisable to check the ingredients of the medicines one is taking by reading the label and one can also take guidance from the pharmacist if there is any confusion.
Also avoid taking alcohol along with Vicodin as there are chances of damaging the liver.



Short term effects of Vicodin drug:
As Vicodin contains hydrocodone which is an opioid substance it will lead to certain short term effects like any other opiates. These effects are visible once the substance enters the body and is linked with the opioid receptors. These receptors are located in different parts of the body like the brain, spinal cord, gastrointestinal tract and other organ systems. When a person takes this medicine the opioid substance in the drug gets attached to these different parts and certain chemical events takes places within the body which helps in giving the desired effects, which can be;
• Feeling relief in pain
• Suppression of cough reflux
• Feeling calm and relaxed
These short term effects are seen in individuals who are using the drug as per prescription and also those who are over using the medicine without prescription.



Side effects of Vicodin drugs:
Many people are of the belief that using prescribed drugs is much safer than using illegal drugs.  But this is not the case because if Vicodin is consumed in more quantity it can have side effects and can be very dangerous. Some of the side effects are given below;
Nausea or Vomiting
• Breathing problem
• Dizziness
• Confusion
• Drowsiness
• Fainting
• Difficulty in judgment
Those who want to abuse the Vicodin drug into their body may do so by taking this drug along with alcohol or some other drugs. This combination of Vicodin and alcohol can exert central nervous system depressant actions and increase the possibility of experiencing the above side effects.



Long term side effects of Vicodin drug:
Individual who keep taking Vicodin drug tend to overlook at the negative side effects it causes to them and only look at the positive effects. This is achieved when the drug interacts with the body’s reward system.  This increases the desire to obtain the substance again and again to get the desired feeling and overlooking all the risks associated with the abuse of this drug.


Tolerance and Addiction to the Drug
When Vicodin is used for a long term it can lead to tolerance which is a common effect associated to drugs which are legal and illegal. People who keep taking this drug even if it is as per prescription over time will not see the same benefits as they experienced earlier. The body becomes tolerant to these drugs which reduces the impact of the medicine. In case of Vicodin the doses or the frequency of the doses will have to be increased to get the same relief from pain as before.  This can increase the tolerance level due to the increased use of the drug which will eventually lead to addiction.
Addiction is visible in an individual when he/she continues taking a drug despite being warned from the doctor, family and friends. The individual is not able to control themselves from taking the drug which can be very fatal if not stopped.
An individual who is addicted to Vicodin can take the following steps;
- Modify the prescription
- Make fake prescriptions
- Take prescriptions from different doctors
- Buy, borrow or steal the drug
- Purchase from illegal sources
An individual who is addicted to Vicodin will waste all his/her time and energy trying to source the drug rather than using their time productively. And if they do not get Vicodin from any of the sources they will try to replace it with other illegal drugs like heroin. Many of the people who are addicted to heroin have begun their addiction from drug options like Vicodin.



Physical Effects of the Drug
Opiate abuse has a lot of health risk which have a direct impact on nervous system of the individual. When Vicodin is taken excessively it can cause slow breathing and heart beat and in such a scenario there is a lack of oxygen supply to the brain and other vital organs of the body.
The other physical effects of the drug due to long term use are;
• Increase in the perception of pain or relapse of pain sensitivity
• Mood swings
• Irritation and restlessness
• Stressful and Anxious
• Issues with memory consolidation
• Increased sedation which can lead to more body injury.



Dependency on the drug
Higher dosage and more frequent dosage of Vicodin can lead to dependency on the drug.  When an individual becomes dependent on a particular drug then he/she will need that substance to feel and behave normally. If the individual does not get the substance then he/she will show withdrawal symptoms. Since Vicodin comprises of an opioid the withdrawal symptoms are very similar to that of heroin. Some of the withdrawal symptoms are given below;
- Body pain
- Uneasiness
- Agitation
- Lack of sleep
- Loss of appetite
- Nausea
- Vomiting
- Diarrhea
- Cold Sweats



Treatment for Vicodin Dependency and Addiction:
Dependency and addiction to Vicodin drug can be very dangerous and requires immediate professional medical treatment. Many people get to see improvement from some type of medical detoxification given to treat their dependency on this particular drug.
In the initial stages of treatment focus will be given on the withdrawal symptoms an individual is suffering due to abuse of Vicodin drug. Through detoxification the Vicodin is eased from the body and the patient is made comfortable. This process will reduce the craving for the drug which is a very common withdrawal symptom and reduce the chances of relapse and continuous use of the drug.
In some cases the patient is given other drugs like methadone or buprenorphine to help the patient to be away from the Vicodin drug. This varies depending on the person, the impact of the side effects and the level of abuse.
Post the detoxification treatment, various other treatment options are provided to the patients which are residential rehabilitation and outpatient care. The treatment process depends on the condition of the patient and the advantages and disadvantages of each process. The treatment type is finalized by a professional who is specialized in addiction treatment.
Once the initial treatment is getting completed, the patient is taken for follow up counseling and provided simple living conditions to monitor the progress of the patient.



Author Bio:
Matt Bailey is a noted writer, content marketer and Social Strategist at FindaTopDoc. Find a best Local Doctor by Specialty and Insurance.